What is the happiness?

It seems that everybody knows what is the happiness,but is having different views about happiness.is the happiness,the pleasures of life?
Most people often think :NO MONEY,NO HAPPY.
MONEY,in this world,is all-powerful.It seems that everything depends on MONEY.It seems that everybody needs MONEY to be HAPPY.Everybody could have money(little or much).But everybody desires to be rich or to become millionaire.With a lot of money,most people believe life could be enjoyed fully.Most people even learned that the goal of life is all the pleasures!
Plato,a great Greek philosopher,argued that all people desire happiness.But the problem is how to make happiness.So it is about the knowledge of the happiness.
Can we be (really) happy without knowing what is the happiness?
According to Plato,happiness is the natural consequence of a healthy soul.He further claimed that because moral virtue makes up the health of the soul ,all people should desire to be virtuous.People sometimes do not seek to be virtuous,but only because they don`t realize that virtue produces happiness.
So what is the happiness?
For Our Lord Buddha,the happiness is the pre-end of desires,the pre-end of craving for life.Our Lord Buddha claimed that « When heart has fewer desires,we have happiness.When desires end,we have peace.»
For Socrates,the greatest Greek philosopher,the happiness is simply the question of justice.It`s not the question of power nor of pleasures.Anyone who did not commit injustice,is happy.Our objective of life is « not to commit injustice».
It does not suffice to wish:It is to know.To learn to be just is to be not unjust.That`s a simple learning,the pratical learning to know about the justice and the injustice,in order to be just.
The following is a dialogue between Socrates and a man whose name is Pôlos:

Pôlos: But ,Socrates,to refute you,it is no good seeking the ancient history! The events of yesterday and before yesterday suffice amply to prove your error,and to show that a large number of people committed injustices and live in happiness.

Socrates:Which events?

Pôlos: you see the king of macedoine Archelaos,son of Perdikkas?

Socrates:No,But I heard of him.

Pôlos:Is he happy or unhappy,to your mind?

Socrates:I don`t know ,Pôlos.I din`t meet him yet,that man.

Pôlos:What?If you have met him,you would know?And otherwise,you don`t know?
So now,don`t you know if he is happy or not?

Socrates:Of course not,by Zeus!

Pôlos: Well,Socrates, even the for the great king of the Persian Empire,you will say that you don`t know if he is happy or not?

Socrates:And i will tell you the truth.BecauseI don`t know if he got a good education,nor if he is just.

Pôlos:What?all the happiness are thus there!

Sorcates:As what I told you ,Pôlos.I assure to you that the good man who knows what is the good,are happy.and those who are unjust and vulgar are unhappy.

Pôlos: So,in your logic,Archelaos is unhappy?

Socrates: If he is unjust,yes,my friend!

2 responses to “What is the happiness?

  1. សួស្តី សម្បត្តិ

    អត់​ទាន់​ចេះ​ខ្មែរ​ច្រើន​ អញ្ចឹង​សរសេរ​ជា​បារាំង​សិន។
    សុំ​ទោស​បង​ប្អូន​ខ្មែរ​ដែល​អត់​យល់​បារាំង។ ប៉ុន្តែ​ខ្ញុំ​ខំ​ព្យាយាម​រៀន​ខ្មែរ​​ ថ្ងៃ​ក្រោយ​សរសេរ​ជា​ខ្មែរ​ទាំង​អស់។
    បើ​ហ្គូហ្គល​ទៅ បើ​ចង់​ចេញ​ជា​អង់គ្លេស។

    Merci Sambatt pour ton article sur le bonheur.

    L’étymologie du mot bonheur: ce mot vient du latin bonum (bon) + augurium(présage). Le bonheur n’est donc pas une question de choix! Mais une question de chance! Il ne faut pas la chercher mais l’attendre. Selon JJ Rousseau dans “La Nouvelle Héloïse”: “Tant qu’on désire on peut se passer d’être heureux ; on s’attend à le devenir : si le bonheur ne vient point, l’espoir se prolonge, et le charme de l’illusion dure autant que la passion qui le cause. Ainsi cet état se suffit à lui-même, et l’inquiétude qu’il donne est une sorte de jouissance qui supplée à la réalité, qui vaut mieux peut-être. Malheur à qui n’a plus rien à désirer ! Il perd pour ainsi dire tout ce qu’il possède. On jouit moins de ce qu’on obtient que de ce qu’on espère et l’on n’est heureux qu’avant d’être heureux”. C’est aussi la vision chrétienne du bonheur : “Espérance chrétienne qu’un jour, Dieu viendra nous emmener au paradis”
    Mais les boudhistes pensent le contraire. Il ne faut rien espérer: le moyen radical pour atteindre le bonheur est de supprimer l’espérence et le désir!
    Une vision plus terre à terre est de se dire suis-je “Cigale” ou “Fourmi” ou les deux alternativement. La cigale n’attend rien mais jouit et consomme tout. La fourmi prévoit tout sans jouir de rien.

    Pour moi chaque jour suffit sa peine et t’inquiète pas du lendemain, demain s’inquiète de lui-même! En khmer se sera មាន​១​រយ​ក៏​គ្រាន់ មាន​១​ពាន់​ក៏​ចាយ​អស់ អត់​សោះ​ក៏​រស់​ដែរ!

    Reçois toutes mes amitiés Sambatt

    ខ្មែរ​ទៅ​ខ្មែរ

  2. Merci pour votre commmentaire .
    Chacun peut avoir différent point de vue sur ce qu`est le bonheur.
    Mais c`est à chacun de nous de chercher à comprendre
    commment vivre les grands penseurs ou philosophes.Là c`est
    le point de départ de vrai enquête de la vérité.
    Selon Socrate,le bonheur,ce n`est ni la question de l`argent ni le pourvoir ni la richesses
    mais ,c`est la justice.Les riches ,les rois …ne peuvent être heureux,s`ils sont
    injustes!!!.

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