It seems that everybody knows what is the happiness,but is having different views about happiness.is the happiness,the pleasures of life?
Most people often think :NO MONEY,NO HAPPY.
MONEY,in this world,is all-powerful.It seems that everything depends on MONEY.It seems that everybody needs MONEY to be HAPPY.Everybody could have money(little or much).But everybody desires to be rich or to become millionaire.With a lot of money,most people believe life could be enjoyed fully.Most people even learned that the goal of life is all the pleasures!
Plato,a great Greek philosopher,argued that all people desire happiness.But the problem is how to make happiness.So it is about the knowledge of the happiness.
Can we be (really) happy without knowing what is the happiness?
According to Plato,happiness is the natural consequence of a healthy soul.He further claimed that because moral virtue makes up the health of the soul ,all people should desire to be virtuous.People sometimes do not seek to be virtuous,but only because they don`t realize that virtue produces happiness.
So what is the happiness?
For Our Lord Buddha,the happiness is the pre-end of desires,the pre-end of craving for life.Our Lord Buddha claimed that « When heart has fewer desires,we have happiness.When desires end,we have peace.»
For Socrates,the greatest Greek philosopher,the happiness is simply the question of justice.It`s not the question of power nor of pleasures.Anyone who did not commit injustice,is happy.Our objective of life is « not to commit injustice».
It does not suffice to wish:It is to know.To learn to be just is to be not unjust.That`s a simple learning,the pratical learning to know about the justice and the injustice,in order to be just.
The following is a dialogue between Socrates and a man whose name is Pôlos:
Pôlos: But ,Socrates,to refute you,it is no good seeking the ancient history! The events of yesterday and before yesterday suffice amply to prove your error,and to show that a large number of people committed injustices and live in happiness.
Pôlos: you see the king of macedoine Archelaos,son of Perdikkas?
Socrates:No,But I heard of him.
Pôlos:Is he happy or unhappy,to your mind?
Socrates:I don`t know ,Pôlos.I din`t meet him yet,that man.
Pôlos:What?If you have met him,you would know?And otherwise,you don`t know?
So now,don`t you know if he is happy or not?
Socrates:Of course not,by Zeus!
Pôlos: Well,Socrates, even the for the great king of the Persian Empire,you will say that you don`t know if he is happy or not?
Socrates:And i will tell you the truth.BecauseI don`t know if he got a good education,nor if he is just.
Pôlos:What?all the happiness are thus there!
Sorcates:As what I told you ,Pôlos.I assure to you that the good man who knows what is the good,are happy.and those who are unjust and vulgar are unhappy.
Pôlos: So,in your logic,Archelaos is unhappy?
Socrates: If he is unjust,yes,my friend!