I asked questions to the Time and Space(11)

The astronomy told that the Big Bang is the beginning of everything:time, space and the construction of the elementary blocks of matter in the universe.The Great Cosmic Clock started 13 billion years ago in a ball of fire so concentrated that matter and ani-matter were created spontaneously from the energy. Then it began to expand and cool down, which it continues to do today.

But I wonder that anything that exists need a space to be where it should be.So don’t we see the Big Bang as something?Is it an energy(an enormous energy)?If space is not there,time is not there,where could it be?

And it said also that the pre-Big Bang does not exist because the time does not exist.But time and space have always been intimately linked in what Einstein called the space-time continuum:

Where there is time, there is space.So when the space was created,the time began to flow.

If the present Universe came from the previous one,So the first of all,came from what? an energy too? But this first energy,where did it come from?and why?

Martin Heidegger a German philosopher of 20th century asked a question related to the beginning of the Univerese as the following:why is there something rather than nothing? But at the beginning,there was nothing?If so,there will be always nothing until now!”Nothing” cannot create something!To his question,the answer is that there is always something in the universe forever,and even the immaterial things (that are infinte and are not in space-time) exist independantly of time and space. And as they did not exist in space and time,they have no beginning nor end.So,the first Big Bang should came from the outside because there was no inside!

I asked questions to the Time and Space(10)

Plato compares the well-functioning soul to an ideal society or a state that has three parts or classes : (1) the philosopher king who governs the society; (2) the guardians who keep order and defend the society (3) the ordinary citizens,farmers,merchants and craftworkers who provide the society material needs.The philosopher king represents the intellect,the guardians represent the will and the ordinary citizens the appetite.Plato’s ideal society resembles a well-functioning soul because the philosopher king controls the citizens with the aid of the guardians.

Plato believed that the soul is immortal and eternal : when the body dies and disintegrates,the soul continues to live forever.After the death of the body,the soul migrates to what he called the realm of the pure forms. There it exists without a body,contemplating the forms.After a time,the soul is reincarnated in another body and returns to the world.But the reincarnated soul retains a dim recollection of the realm of forms and yearns for it.If the soul could avoid the reincarnation( thus avoid the sufferings),that’s because it has a chance(the last) to go to exist forever in the realm of pure forms.Plato argued that people fall in love because they recognize in the beauty of their beloved the ideal form of beauty that they dimly remember and seek.The soul experienced in the realm of forms before being reincarnated in another body to return to the world. Plato argued that learning consists of recalling what the soul experienced in the realm of forms.

The forms,unlike living organisms,are not born and do not die.Unlike stars and atoms,they do not move about in space.Unlike the familiar physical objects that surround us,they do not get hot or cold,large or smaller and so on.So,the forms are not changing objecst .They are immutable and immortal and exist independantly of our apprehending them.They do not need us to exist.For that reason,the soul loves them and yearns for them.that’s why the soul thinks or reasons in order to recall all the forms that it contemplated in the realm of forms and thus to perfect itself.

And also we have the reason why the soul falls in love of pure forms that are incorruptible and exist as the good, the just and the beautiful.As a matter of fact,nobody does not love the good,the just and the beautiful.Anyone who loves them,will yearn for them.And in yearning for them,he will search for them.But in searching for them,he need to think or to reason first.By thinking or reasoning,he can find the truth and to perfect himself with vision of the good,the just and the beautiful so that finally he can return to the world of the truth

This world or Universe,according to the Hindusim,is only the shadow of the truth.

I asked questions to the Time and Space(9)

In addition,individual things only imperfectly approximate their forms,which remain unattainable models of perfection.Circular objects or beautiful objects are never perfectly circular or perfectly beautiful.The only perfectly circular is the form of circularity itself,and the only perfectly beautiful thing is the form of beauty.

Plato concluded that these unchanging and perfect form cannot be part of everyday world,which is changing and imperfect.Forms exist neither in Space nor Time.They can be known only by the intellect,not by the senses.

So it is clear that everything that can be known by the senses is only in this visible(material) world.Our body can be known by the senses whereas our soul cannot be known by them.The soul joins with the body ,but is not chained up in the Space-Time as the body.The soul has a nature different from the body because the soul is immaterial..The body changes but the soul does not.That’s why the soul was generally described as immortal and eternal being who thinks whereas the body does not.The body is attached to the material needs but it is dominated and commanded by the soul whose function is to reason(think).

Plato divided the soul into three parts :(1 )the rational part or intellect ;(2)the will and (3) the appetite or desire.

We know the soul has these parts,because they sometimes conflict with each other; for example a person may desire something but fights with the desire with the power of the will.In a properly functioning soul,the intellect (the highest part) should control the appetite (the lowest part) with the aid of the will.

I asked questions to the Time and Space ( 8 )

(In this Universe,anything that has a beginning will have an end)

But is there something that has no beginning and no end?we knew that according to the theory of Big Bang,you Time and Space had a beginning and will have an end.So do everything that was born from the Big Bang. But an idea(form)which came from thinking substance(the Soul) is immaterial and thus should have no beginning,no end.For example the forms of circle or triangle have no beginning,no end,So do their properties such as the sum of the three angles of a triangle=180 degree.Forms or ideas are in an immutable,ideal and perfect world(Realm of forms).They are the model of all that exist.

To understand more about the realm of forms,we study Plato’s theory of forms.

Plato was interested in the form of objects : how can we apply a single word or concept to many different things?For example how can the word table be used for all the individual objects that are table? Plato answered that various things can be called by the same name because they have something in common.He called this common factor the thing’s form or idea.

Acoording to Plato,the real nature of any individual thing depends on the form in which it ” participates”.For example a certain object is a triangle because it participates in the form of triangularity.A particular table is what ti is because it participates in the form of the table.

Plato insisted that the forms differ greatly from the ordinary things that we see around us.Ordinary things change,but their form do not .A particular triangle may be altered in size or shape,but the form of triangularity can never change.

I asked questions to the Time and Space(7)

It is believed that all things must have a beginning.But Should they have an end too? Yes? and if so this Universe had a beginning and will have an end too.Its beginning as scientist thought as the Big Bang will have an end as a Big Crunch.But this is only an hypothesis or a theory,not necessarily a truth.

Yes it is believed that all things must have a beginning.So you,Time and Space too have a beginning because both of you are stuck with all things.But I wonder what is there before your beginning,your birth?Did you exist before the beginning of this Universe?Where were both of you?Time,where were you? and Space where were you?Nothing?Is it just a deep sleep without dream?

an object that exists needs a space to be where it should be,so began existing the time.If space was gone,where can it be ?And as the stronomer Carl Sagan said that Space and Time cannot be separated from each other,if Space was gone,Time was gone too!So all things in both of you will be gone too.

So can I be sure that both of you had a beginning or are you infinite which means that you have no beginning then will have no end?And Is this Universe is the only one.But many astronomers believe that there are other Universes with different histories of Time and Space and different physical laws without thinking of the exsitence of invisible Universes.

សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក បើធៀបទៅនឹងអ៊ុយក្រែនដូចជាមានសង្រ្គាមដែរ!

ដោយសារមានឃាតកម្មបាញ់សម្លាប់ជាបន្តបន្ទាប់នៅសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ហើយចុងក្រោយនេះពេលចូលឆ្នាំចិននៅរដ្ឋកាលីហ្វ័រនី ឃាតកម្មបាញ់ប្រហារដែលធ្វើអោយមនុសស្លាប់១១នាក់និងរងរបួស៩នាក់មក គេមើលឃើញថាសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកហាក់ដូចជាតំបន់ក្នុងសង្រ្គាម ព្រោះថាចាប់តាំងពីរុស្ស៊ីវាយលុកអ៊ុយក្រែនមក ជនជាតិអាមេរិកចំនួនជាង២០ ០០០នាក់(ដោយមិនរាប់បញ្ចូលចំនួនអ្នកស្លាប់ដោយអត្តឃាត)ត្រូវបានស្លាប់ដោយអំពើហឹង្សាប្រើកាំភ្លើងក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០២២។ចំណែកឯជនស៊ីវិលចំនួន៦៩១៩នាក់ត្រូវបានស្លាប់នៅអ៊ុយក្រែនចាប់តាំងពីពេលសង្រ្គាមផ្ទុះឡើងក្នុងចន្លោះខែកុម្ភៈ២០២២និងមករា២០២៣។ហេតុការណ៍ដ៏ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរមួយទៀតគឺថាកូនក្មេងនិងក្មេងជំទង់ចំនួនជាង៦០០០នាក់ត្រូវបានស្លាប់ឬរបួសដោយកាំភ្លើងកាលពីឆ្នាំមុនលើទឹកដីអាមេរិក រីឯអ៊ុយក្រែនវិញមានក្មេងស្លាប់ឬរបួសចំនួនត្រឹមតែជាង១២០០នាក់ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។

នៅចំពោះមុខតួលេខធំៗខាងលើនេះ មនុស្សម្នាលើបណ្ដាញអ៊ិនធើណេតចោទសួរថាក្នុងបណ្ដាប្រទេសទាំងពីរតើមួយណាកំពុងស្ថិតនៅក្នុងតំបន់សង្រ្គាម?

ឆ្នាំថ្មី២០២៣ទើបតែចាប់ផ្ដើមតាំងពីថ្ងៃ១មករាមករហូតដល់ថ្ងៃ២៤មករា នៅសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកមានមនុស្សស្លាប់ដោយហឹង្សាប្រើកាំភ្លើងចំនួនជាង២៧០០នាក់ហើយ។


ប្រធានាធិបតីរុស្ស៊ី វ្ល៉ាឌីមៀ ពូទីនក្នុងថ្ងៃពុធនេះបានទៅទស្សនកិច្ចរោងចក្រផលិតសព្វាវុធមួយនៅទីក្រុងSaint-Pétersbourgហើយបានប្រកាសថាជ័យជំនះធានារ៉ាប់រងបាន ខ្ញុំគ្មានសង្ស័យអ្វីបន្តិចទេ។ចំណែកអ្នកនាំពាក្យរបស់លោកក៏បានប្រកាសកាលពីបីបួនថ្ងៃកន្លងទៅដែរថារុស្ស៊ីនឹងបាញ់កំទេចរថក្រោះចំបាំងទាំងអស់ដែលបស្ចឹមប្រទេសបានសន្យាផ្ដល់អោយអ៊ុយក្រែននោះ បន្ទាប់ពីអូតង់បានប្ដេជ្ញាពង្រឹងអ៊ុយក្រែនដោយសព្វាវុធធុនធ្ងន់ៗក្នុងអនាគតដ៏ខ្លីខាងមុខនេះ។

ម្សិលមិញនេះ ខ្ញុំក៏ឮតាមវិទ្យុផ្សាយអោយដឹងដែរថារស្ស៊ីខ្ជិលវាយអ៊ុយក្រែនក្នុងទ្រង់ទ្រាយធំព្រោះអីអាកាសធាតុវាត្រជាក់ពេក ដូច្នេះក៏យកពេលត្រៀមទុកនឹងវាយប្រហារក្នុងរដូវស្លឹកឈើលាស់ខាងមុខ ដោយនឹងធ្វើការឡោមព័ទ្ធរដ្ឋធានីគាវអោយបានហើយធ្វើការវាយលុកចូលតែម្ដង។ចំណែកអ៊ុយក្រែនក៏ត្រៀមខ្លួនប្រយុទ្ធយ៉ាងស្វិតស្វាញដែរដោយត្រូវការរថក្រោះរាប់រយគ្រឿងដើម្បីទប់ទល់។ក្នុងបណ្ដាប្រទេសផ្ដល់ជំនួយដល់អ៊ុយក្រែន មានតែអាល្លឺម៉ងទេដែលស្ទាក់ស្ទើរនិងមិនសាទរក្នុងការផ្ដល់ជំនួយដល់អ៊ុយក្រែនព្រោះគិតថាវានឹងធ្វើអោយសង្រ្គាមរីកឡើងធំ ជាការគំរាមដល់សន្តិភាពលើពិភពលោក ដោយខ្លាចមានការផ្ទុះអាវុធនុយក្លេអ៊ែរជាយថាហេតុ។

ព្រឹកមិញនេះឧទ្ធម្ភាចក្រអ៊ុយក្រែនមួយគ្រឿងបានធ្លាក់ក្បែរមតេយ្យសាលាមួយដោយធ្វើអោយស្លាប់មនុស្សចំនួន១៤នាក់រាប់បញ្ចូលទាំងរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីក្រសួងមហាផ្ទៃអ៊ុយក្រែនផង និងធ្វើអោយមនុស្សរងរបួសចំនួន២៥នាក់។គេមិនដឹងច្បាស់ថាជាគ្រោះថ្នាក់អ្វីឬជាការវាយប្រហារដោយការបាញ់ពីកងទ័ពរុស្ស៊ីឡើយ។តែអ៊ុយក្រែនមិនគិតថាជាការបាញ់ប្រហារពីខាងរុស្ស៊ីនោះទេ ម្យ៉ាងទៀតខាងរុស្ស៊ូីក៏គ្មានវាចាអ្វីដែរ។

Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu (C) meet soldiers during a visit at a military training centre of the Western Military District for mobilised reservists, outside the town of Ryazan on October 20, 2022. (Photo by Mikhail Klimentyev / Sputnik / AFP)

I asked questions to the Time and Space(6)

The black holes are the most bizarre objects in the Universe.And that is because they emit no visible light and they have a very strong force of attraction that swallow everything including light near their region.That is why they were called black holes.Today the astronomers are sure about their existence.They even have taken a photo of a black hole (from telescope)at the center of Galaxy Milky Way several years ago.

The black hole came from a dying massive star that finished its life in a supernova,an explosion that became extremely brilliant and shines more than an entire galaxy during several days.And it is possible to see the incandescent rests of the star that died hundreds or thousands of years ago.

When a supernova exploded,the core of the star collapses and becomes in general a neutron star,but not always.If the burning core that collapses is heavier than 3 masses of the sun,the very tight neutrons cannot struggle against its gravity.So the star becomes a black hole.

The neutron star a very super dense object that has the same mass of the sun confined in an area smaller than the city of New York.

The mass of the black hole can be big or small.Some black holes have a mass equal to millions or even billions of the mass of the sun.But these massive black holes hide at the center of galaxies.They do not come from the supernova but from the collapse of the gigantic clouds.

And some astronomers believe that tiny black holes exist too.These tiny black holes were created by the forces of the Big Bang.They have the size of the atom but have the mass of billions of tons.


ប្រទេសកាណាដានឹងទិញប្រព័ន្ធការពារផ្លូវអាកាសNASAMSពីសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកដែលមានតម្លៃ៤០៦លានដុល្លារ។ប្រព័ន្ធការពារNASAMSនេះ(ពីដីទៅអាកាស )ផលិតដោយប្រទេសន័រវ៉េសសហការជាមួយសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកបំពាក់ដោយកាំជ្រួចអាមេរិកហើយ មានប្រសិទ្ធិភាពខ្ពស់ណាស់ហើយអាចការពារប្រជាពលរដ្ឋនិងហេដ្ឋារចនាសម្ព័ន្ធរបស់ប្រទេសអ៊ុយក្រែនពីការវាយប្រហារដោយកាំជ្រួចនិងយន្តហោះរបស់រុស្ស៊ីបាន។

អំណោយនេះចេញមកពីប្រាក់ជំនួយយោធាបន្ថែមចំនួន៥០០លានដុល្លារដែលលោកនាយករដ្ឋមន្រ្តីJustin Trudeauបានប្រកាសអោយដឹងកាលពីថ្ងៃទី១៤វិច្ឆិកា២០២២មក។

ប្រព័ន្ធការពារនេះបន្ថែមទៅលើរថពាសដែក កាំភ្លើងត្បាល់ កាមេរ៉ាសម្រាប់ដ្រូន សម្លៀកបំពាក់រដូវទឹកកក និងគ្រាប់រំសេវដែលកាណាដាបានផ្ដល់មកដល់ពេលនេះអោយប្រទេសអ៊ុយក្រែនដើម្បីវាយច្រានការឈ្លានពានពីប្រទេសរុស្ស៊ី។

ប្រទេសកាណាដាបានផ្ដល់ជំនួយយោធានិងមនុស្សធម៌ជាង3.4ពាន់លានដុល្លារដល់ប្រជាជនអ៊ុយក្រែនតាំងពីប្រធានាធិបតី វ្ល៉ាឌីមៀ ពូទីនបានបើកការវាយលុកប្រទេសអ៊ុយក្រែនក្នុងខែកុម្ភៈ២០២២។

I asked questions to the Time and Space(4)

In the picture below,the spacetime is represented in the form of a rubber mattress.The heavy masses deform it : that’s the principle of the relativity.

Albetr Einstein(1879-1955) is the inventor of the concept space-time and the father of the theory of general relativity that finds a perfect illustration with the black holes.A black hole is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, including light or other electromagnetic waves, has enough energy to escape it.

At the regions near the big masses,the spacetime is neatly curved.This curve influences the movement of the smaller masses.It influences also the time.Unable to verify this truth,Einstein thought that the gravity could slow down the time.

In 1960,five years after his death,an extremely precise clock was invented.It verified the hypothesis of Einstein : at the top of a skyscraper,a clock beats faster than at the ground floor where it is greatly influenced and curved by the gravity.

On the rubber mattress,imagine a small ball but extremely heavy : it pull down the mattress to the bottomless bottom(infinite).That make a black hole which is in an extremely powerful rotation that can swallow everything (including light) around its region.

According to the theory of general relativity,the gravity slows down the time.This means that in a spaceship launched at a very high speed(to escape from the gravity of the earth),the time passes slower.So,if an astronaut travels in a spaceship launched at the speed of light,can surely come back to hug his great great grand-children.That shall be wonderful!But unfortunately we cannot build any spaceship that can travel at the speed of light.Even it is possible,can man travel in it at the speed of light?But the Einstein’s equation : E=mc^2 told that man cannot travel at the speed of light.